HUBUNGAN ANTARA PEMILIHAN DAN PENYIMPANAN GARAM BERYODIUM DENGAN STATUS YODIUM PADA WANITA USIA SUBUR DI DESA SELO, KECAMATAN SELO BOYOLALI JAWA TENGAH

RACHMAWANTI , LYDIA NURVITA (2010) HUBUNGAN ANTARA PEMILIHAN DAN PENYIMPANAN GARAM BERYODIUM DENGAN STATUS YODIUM PADA WANITA USIA SUBUR DI DESA SELO, KECAMATAN SELO BOYOLALI JAWA TENGAH. Skripsi thesis, Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta.

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Abstract

ABSTRACT LYDIA NURVITA RACHMAWANTI. J 310 050 006 THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN METHOD OF OBTAINING AND STORAGE OF IODIZED SALT WITH IODINE STATUS OF CHILD BEARING AGE WOMAN (CBAW) IN SELO VILLAGE, SELO DISTRICT, BOYOLALI, CENTRAL JAVA. Background : Iodine Deficiency Disorders (IDD) is one of serious community health problem. Risk factors of IDD include method of obtaining and storage of salt that be consumed. Community group which is very vulnerable to impact of IDD is child bearing age woman (CBAW). To understand the level of iodine in child bearing age woman, Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH) rate can be used. Objective : The objective of this research is to find out whether there is relationship between method of obtaining and storage of iodized salt with iodine status of child bearing age woman in Selo Village, Selo District, Boyolali, Central Java. Research method : This study implemented observational research with crossectional approach. There are 24 samples chosen randomly (simple random sampling). The data consist of texture of salt, label, number of registration, place to buy salt and salt storage, collected with questionnaire, while iodine level of salt and TSH level were tested with ELISA method. Furthermore, the data analyzed with Rank Spearman correlation test. Result : 91.7% of samples obtained salt and 83.3% stored it incorrectly. This can be concluded from the facts that their (chosen) salt contained low level of iodine and they stored the salt in improper location. The iodine status of all blood samples of child bearing age women is normal. Based on statistic test, it can seen that there is no significant relationship between method of obtaining and storage of iodized salt with iodine status of child bearing age woman with p value of 0.560 and 0.999 respectively. This phenomenon occurred probably due to other factor like selenium (Se), iron (Fe), zinc (Zn) and vitamin A consumption. Conclusion : Based on the result it can be concluded that there is no significant relationship between method of obtaining and storage of iodized salt with iodine status of child bearing age woman. ABSTRAK LYDIA NURVITA RACHMAWANTI. J 310 050 006 HUBUNGAN ANTARA PEMILIHAN DAN PENYIMPANAN GARAM BERYODIUM DENGAN STATUS YODIUM WANITA USIA SUBUR DI DESA SELO, KECAMATAN SELO, BOYOLALI, JAWA TENGAH Pendahuluan : Gangguan Akibat Kekurangan Yodium (GAKY) di Indonesia merupakan salah satu masalah kesehatan masyarakat yang serius. Faktor risiko GAKY di antaranya adalah pemilihan dan penyimpanan garam yang dikonsumsi. Kelompok masyarakat yang sangat rawan terhadap dampak defisiensi yodium adalah wanita usia subur (WUS). Untuk mengetahui kecukupan yodium pada wanita usia subur dapat menggunakan kadar Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH). Tujuan : Mengetahui hubungan pemilihan dan penyimpanan garam beryodium dengan status yodium pada wanita usia subur di Desa Selo, Kecamatan Selo, Boyolali Jawa Tengah. Metode penelitian : Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian observasional dengan pendekatan cross sectional. Sampel terdiri dari 24 wanita usia subur dipilih secara acak (simple random sampling). Data bentuk, merk, nomor pendaftaran (MD/SP), tempat membeli garam dan penyimpanan garam dikumpulkan melalui kuesioner, uji kadar yodium garam serta uji kadar TSH dengan metode ELISA. Analisis data dengan uji korelasi Rank Spearman. Hasil : 91,7% sampel memilih garam dan 83,3% sampel menyimpan garam dengan tidak sesuai. Hal ini dapat disimpulkan bahwa garam mengandung kadar yodium rendah dan sampel menyimpan garam di wadah dan lokasi yang tidak tepat. Status yodium pada semua sampel darah wanita usia subur normal. Berdasarkan uji statistik dapat diketahui bahwa tidak ada hubungan yang signifikan antara pemilihan dan penyimpanan garam beryodium dengan status yodium pada wanita usia subur, dengan nilai p berturut-turut adalah 0,560 dan 0,999. Hal ini dimungkinkan karena adanya faktor lain seperti konsumsi selenium (Se), besi (Fe), seng (Zn) dan vitamin A. Kesimpulan : Berdasarkan hasil tersebut dapat disimpulkan bahwa tidak ada hubungan yang signifikan antara pemilihan dan penyimpanan garam beryodium dengan status yodium pada wanita usia subur.

Item Type: Karya ilmiah (Skripsi)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Keyword : method of obtaining and storage of iodized salt, iodine, Thyroid Stimulating Hormone. Keyword : method of obtaining and storage of iodized salt, iodine, Thyroid Stimulating Hormone.
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Divisions: Fakultas Ilmu Kesehatan > Gizi
Depositing User: Users 13 not found.
Date Deposited: 21 Jun 2010 08:40
Last Modified: 15 Nov 2010 01:51
URI: http://eprints.ums.ac.id/id/eprint/7633

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