Tissue Manufacturing From Organic Waste: The Effect Of Drying Time and Chemical Treatment

Khurin, Adinda Annisa and , Ir. Herry Purnama M.T., Ph.D (2018) Tissue Manufacturing From Organic Waste: The Effect Of Drying Time and Chemical Treatment. Skripsi thesis, Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta.

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Deforestation became a gobal issue right now. Deforestation is caused by many factors, one of them is tree logging by the tissue company. Tissue widely use in the world because it is very practice to use, but society nowadays does not realize the effects behind the tissue production. The material that capable to replace tree as raw material in tissue production is organic wastes that contain cellulose. Most of us are neglect the capability from those organic wastes that can be produce into something valuable. Some examples of organic wastes contains cellulose are banana stem, sawdust and dry leaf. The aim of this research are to know the influence of drying time, kinds of organic waste and bleaching agent to the quality of tissue. Organic wastes used in this research are banana stem, dry jabon leaves, mahogany sawdust and silk tree sawdust. The method in this research is chemical pulping method. After the pulp is formed the next step to do are wash the pulp, bleach the pulp and the last is form the tissue into sheets. The tissue is the tested to know its quality. The test is based on SNI 0103:2008 toilet tissue paper. The tests are grammage test, water absorption test, the appearance test, color test and degradation test. From the tests carried out, tissues that have the best quality and passed SNI standards are made from the banana stem. Tissues with less quality are produced from dried Jabon leaves. While mahogany and sengon sawdust cannot be processed into tissue because it contains too much lignin which cannot be removed by the chemical pulping method.

Item Type: Karya ilmiah (Skripsi)
Uncontrolled Keywords: tissue, banana stem, drying leaves, sawdust, pulping.
Subjects: L Education > L Education (General)
Divisions: Fakultas Teknik > Teknik Kimia
Date Deposited: 16 Aug 2018 07:24
Last Modified: 15 Oct 2018 11:29
URI: http://eprints.ums.ac.id/id/eprint/66827

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