Efektivitas Psikodrama Untuk Meningkatkan Empati Pada Saksi Mata Perundungan

Kusuma, Patria Jati and -, Dr.Wiwien Dinar Pratisti, M.Si., Psikolog. and -, Wisnu Sri Hertinjung, M.Psi., Psikolog. (2018) Efektivitas Psikodrama Untuk Meningkatkan Empati Pada Saksi Mata Perundungan. Thesis thesis, Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta.

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Abstract

This study aims to determine the effectiveness of psychodrama in improving empathy bystander at bullying. Research using experimental design with pretest-posttest control group design. Subjects selected by purposive sampling, with the criteria of the students who bystander at bullying. Number of subjects are 32 which were divided into two, 16 subjects as a control group (KK), and 16 subjects as an experimental group (KE), these subjects are divided randomly. The measurement using a scale of empathy with the following aspects: perspective taking, fantasy, swift and emphatic concern and personal distress. Treatment granted to KE in the form of psychodrama intervention, while families are not given treatment. Psychodrama material consists of warming up, action, sharing and discussion. Hypothesis is tested by Man Whitney U Test with a score of z = -4.837. Different test posttest KK and KE obtained 2 tailed sig = 0.000 (p <0.05) means that there are differences between the groups were given a psychodrama with a group that were not given psychodrama. While different test pretest-posttest KE obtained sig = 0.000 (p <0.05) means that there is a significant difference before and after psychodrama. The subject in the experimental group pointed to the increase of empathy because of the opportunity to practice and have a more commitment. Whereas, subjects in the control group didn’t show an increase of empathy because they didn’t have same treatment. Thus, it can be stated that psychodrama effectively improves empathy on the bystanders. The uniqueness of this study is the function of psychodrama. Psychodrama can be treatment and a completion of empathy is showed in the last session of sharingand discussion.

Item Type: Karya ilmiah (Thesis)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Empathy, Bullying, Bystander, Psychodrama.
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Fakultas Pasca Sarjana > Magister Sains Psikologi
Depositing User: PATRIA JATI KUSUMA
Date Deposited: 28 Jun 2018 03:41
Last Modified: 28 Jun 2018 03:41
URI: http://eprints.ums.ac.id/id/eprint/62925

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