Speech Disfluency Made by Male and Female Learners. Case Study: Learners in Kampung Inggris Semarang

Abimanto, Dhanan and -, Prof. Dr. Endang Fauziati, M. Hum (2017) Speech Disfluency Made by Male and Female Learners. Case Study: Learners in Kampung Inggris Semarang. Thesis thesis, UNIVERSITAS MUHAMMADIYAH SURAKARTA.

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Abstract

In utterance, there must be some disfluency whether in normal people or in stutterer. In this paper, the researcher is interested in analyzing the types of disfluency in human speech. Moreover, the disfluency would be different if it is catogerorized into two based on the gender. In this study the researcher figures out the disfluency based on the gender, male and female. The researcher chooses 24 English learners of Kampung Inggris Semarang as the research object, 12 males and 12 females. The purpose of this study is to find out any types of disfluency that appear on the male and female speeches, to find the dominant type of disfluency occured in male and female speeches, the differnce between male and female speeches, and the factors causing the disfluency made by male and female speeches. In collecting the data the researcher used field research or observation and interview. In analyzing the data, the researcher used the theory from Clark and Wasow supported by Johnson and Bortfeld et.al. Simultaneously, in evaluating the data; the researcher also used software, ELAN to facilitate the categorization of the disfluency types. The analysis showed that nine types of disfluency occur in learners’ speech, i.e filler, silent pause, revision, incomplete phrase, broken word, repetition, grammatical disfluency, prolongation, and false start. The dominant disfluency occured in male and female speeches was filler. In the dominant disfluency, males produced more filers than females, whereas silent pause was more produced in female speeches. Besides, there was some factors causing disfluency made by male and female learners of Kampung Inggris Semarang, which were related to psychological factors. It included cognitive factors and affective factors. The cognitive factors included lack of mastering vocabularies, lack of mastering grammar, and factor of familiarity to the topic and for the affective factors included nervous, habit, and confidency. The difference between male and female learners was categorized into two i.e total number occured and the dominant disfluency occured in each male and female learners. In total, male produced more disfluency than female. Besides that male learner made more factors which could affect the disfluency in their speeches than female learners, male learners were more likely not in mastering grammar and vocabularies and getting prepared in materials.

Item Type: Thesis (Thesis)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Disfluency, Male learners, Female Learners, Speech
Subjects: P Language and Literature > PE English
Divisions: Fakultas Pasca Sarjana > Magister Pengkajian Bahasa
Depositing User: Unnamed user with username s200130039
Date Deposited: 10 Feb 2018 02:21
Last Modified: 10 Feb 2018 02:21
URI: http://eprints.ums.ac.id/id/eprint/59983

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