A COMPARATIVE STUDY BETWEEN ENGLISH AND JAVANESE ADDRESS SYSTEMS

Rahmawati, Mia (2008) A COMPARATIVE STUDY BETWEEN ENGLISH AND JAVANESE ADDRESS SYSTEMS. Skripsi thesis, Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta.

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Abstract

Address forms are the words people used to designate the person they are talking to while they are talking to them. It is used depending on the relationship between the addresser, the addressee and the relatives’ status of individual involved in conversation. This study is aimed to describe: 1) the categories of English and Javanese address systems, 2) the reasons of the use of politeness patterns applied in English and Javanese address systems, 3) the similarities and the differences of English and Javanese address systems. The type of this research is descriptive comparative. The topics analyzed are address systems used in English and Javanese. The data are taken from English and Javanese novels. The English novel is Accident by Danielle Steel and the Javanese novel is Sirah by A. Y. Suharyono. In collecting the data, the writer uses document method. The writer reads the novels, selects, and collects the dialogs that present the address system, makes notes, and gives codes to the data based on the kind of novel, the page of novel, and the number of quotation. The result shows that 1) there are five categories of English and Javanese address systems, such as: addressing using name, addressing using intimate term, addressing using kinship term, addressing using respectful term, and addressing using mockeries; 2) there are five reasons of employing address system in English, such as: showing respect, showing power/authority, showing anger, showing intimacy, and mocking. In Javanese, there are four reasons of employing address system, such as: showing respect, showing power/authority, showing intimacy, and mocking. There are three politeness patterns used in English and Javanese address systems, as follows: Mutual T, Mutual V, and Asymmetrical T/V; 3) there are six similarities, such as: (a) English and Javanese address systems have five categories, (b) English and Javanese use kinship term in addressing their family, (c) Respectful terms almost used in English and Javanese address systems, (d) English and Javanese address systems have mockeries words, (e) English and Javanese address systems use mutual T, mutual V, and asymmetrical T/V in politeness pattern, (f) four similar reasons used in English and Javanese, they are showing respect, showing power/authority, showing intimacy, and mocking and five differences of English and Javanese address systems, such as: (a) Most English address system uses title (T), and title + last name (TLN) in addressing using respectful term, while Javanese uses honorific, honorific + name (HN), and honorific + occupation (HO), (b) The words ‘Baby’, ‘Sweetheart’, ‘Dear’ and ‘My dear’ are not used in Javanese, (c) Javanese address system has various pronouns in addressing someone like kowe, sampeyan, and panjenengan which have literal meaning ‘you’, while English address system does not have the system, (d) Addressing using name is used to call wife or xv husband in English, while in Javanese, addressing wife or husband uses kinship term, (e) showing anger is not the reason in Javanese address system. The writer also found new formulas in Javanese address system, the formulas appear in respectful term category. Those formulas are not usually used in respectful term category of English address system.

Item Type: Thesis (Skripsi)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Address system, English, Javanese
Subjects: P Language and Literature > PE English
Divisions: Fakultas Keguruan dan Ilmu Pendidikan > Pendidikan Bahasa Inggris
Depositing User: Ken Retno Yuniwati
Date Deposited: 25 Aug 2008 04:57
Last Modified: 17 Nov 2010 13:02
URI: http://eprints.ums.ac.id/id/eprint/267

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